Asphalt pavement installation is the process of removing the old asphalt pavement and installing a new one with new material. Asphalt pavement installation is done on roadways, driveways, parking lots, etc. Asphalt has many benefits over concrete since asphalt does not require much curing time to set.
This blog post will give an overview of the complete asphalt installation process, so you know what to expect when your business hires an asphalt paving company for your next project.
Demolish the Old Pavement
The first step in this process is to remove the old, damaged asphalt. Remove any loose debris, dirt, and other substances on the ground. Next, the area where asphalt will be laid must be excavated to a depth that can accommodate the thickness of asphalt being installed. This depth varies depending on factors such as climate conditions and traffic volume.
The excavation process involves removing any soil from the site using shovels or machines before compacting it by tamping it down with equipment like tampers or rollers. Ensure that the surface is thoroughly clean.
Ensure Proper Drainage
The next step in asphalt pavement installation is ensuring proper drainage. The ground must be sloped away from the site at a pitch of no less than ¼ inch per foot and should drain towards a catch basin or other means to collect surface water runoff. Continue to monitor drainage periodically over time and fix any issues that may arise before they become a problem for your asphalt pavement.
Start Preparing the Sub Base
You must get rid of any loose material by running over it with a bulldozer or other heavy equipment. Compact this layer sufficiently to allow drainage and eliminate soft spots on the asphalt surface later down the road. The entire area must be compacted by rolling or tamping down until all clumps are gone, and there are no visible signs of dirt or debris in any areas where asphalt will be laid. If the sub-base is not compacted correctly, asphalt will not hold up properly, and asphalt installations, repairs, or resurfacing might have to be done more frequently.
Test the Sub-Base with Proof Roll
The asphalt pavement installation process is incomplete until the sub-base is tested and approved. One way to test a road’s ability to hold asphalt is called proof roll. Run a bulldozer or other heavy equipment over the asphalt. If the base flexes more than one inch, it’s time to compact the base properly. If asphalt doesn’t dent and appears as hard as concrete, then the sub-base is ready for asphalt installation.
The asphalt pavement installation process wouldn’t be complete without the addition of the asphalt binder. The combination of asphalt cement and crushed asphalt rock is called a bituminous binder or asphalt cement. This mixture binds all construction materials together to create an even, level road surface that can withstand heavy traffic (vehicles). Without asphalt binders, roads might crack, break up and/or become displaced.
Install Your New Asphalt Surface
Once the asphalt binder has been added to the sub-base, your road is ready for asphalt installation. This step will require asphalt pavers or rollers tasked with tamping down the new asphalt surface to become even and flat. Once this process is complete, you’re finally ready to open up shop.
Quality Asphalt is a full-service asphalt paving company. We offer services to residential and commercial customers in the De Pere area. Our professionals are experienced with all types of asphalt installation projects, including crack filling, patching, sealcoating, and more. To see how our quality service can help you install a new pavement or protect your pavement from damages or cracks, contact us today for a free estimate!